Comparison of Macular Degeneration Vitamins

Visivite vs. Ocuvite vs. ICaps

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What are the facts?   For which types of macular degeneration are the vitamins helpful?

Multiple companies have claimed efficacy of their products in treating macular degeneration. However, to date, only three companies manufacture the exact macular degeneration vitamin formula as outlined in the Age Related Eye Disease Study (known as "AREDS") published by the United States National Institutes of Health in October 2001.

Ocuvite Preservision   VisiVite Original Formula  

ICaps AREDS Formula


The National Institutes of Health found that these vitamins were beneficial in cases of intermediate and severe macular degeneration, including both dry and wet forms.

What are the differences between Visivite and Ocuvite Preservision?

VisiVite Original Formula requires one capsule twice daily, whereas Ocuvite Preservision requires two capsules twice daily. Additionally, VisiVite offers a formula designed for people with a current or previous smoking history which does not contain Beta Carotene. Because of the increased risk of lung cancer, it is recommended that people with a smoking history do not ingest high levels of Beta-carotene.


Click here for locations that sell Visivite & Ocuvite


Why was this study so important?   Which vitamins do we recommend?

This study was widely accepted in the medical community as being the first and only study to prove true efficacy against this visually debilitating disease.



We do not recommend one manufacturer or the other. However, it is our goal to educate consumers that only certain ingredients have been PROVEN to of benefit in treating macular degeneration. Avoid purchasing vitamins that have unproven benefits, even when they sound convincing. Information comparing vitamins and their availability is listed below.


Product Daily Capsules
or Tablets required

Where Sold

(Click to visit site)


Cost Per Year
VisiVite Original Formula


Duplicates AREDS formula $153.86
Visivite Plus Formula 2 Most complete formula for non-smokers. Contains AREDS formula PLUS 8 mg Lutein, 200 mcg Selenium and 50 mg Bilberry $263.40
VisiVite Smoker's Formula 2 Most popular formula for smokers and former habitual smokers. No Beta Carotene.
Contains 8mg Lutein.
VisiVite Smoker's Plus Formula 2 Most complete formula for smokers and former habitual smokers. No Beta-Carotene
Contains 10 mg Lutein PLUS Vitamins B6, C, E, Zinc, Copper, Bilberry, L-glutathione and Selenium
Ocuvite Preservision 4 Duplicates AREDS formula $191.88
Ocuvite 2 Low dose formula. Does not meet AREDS criteria. $179.88
Ocuvite Lutein 2 Does not meet AREDS formula. Contains 6mg Lutein. $143.88
Ocuvite Extra 2 Does not meet AREDS formula. Contains 2mg Lutein. $131.88
ICaps AREDS Formula 4 Duplicates AREDS formula $203.88
ICaps Lutein and Zeaxanthin 2 Does not meet AREDS formula. $179.88
ICaps Original Formula 3 Low dose formula marketed for general eye health and not for treatment of macular degeneration. Does not meet AREDS specifications. 20 day supply. $95.88

What is Macular Degeneration?
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2010 Macular Degeneration Institute

Macular Degeneration Vitamins - High doses of certain dietary supplements provide the first effective treatment for the leading cause of vision loss among the elderly, a new nationwide clinical study has concluded.

The disease, macular degeneration, destroys the central portion of the retina, the light-gathering cells at the back of the eye. Among people who already have significant yellowish deposits accumulating at the back of their eyes the hallmark of the disease the supplements cut their risk of vision loss by one-fifth.

The macular degeneration vitamin supplements a combination of zinc and the antioxidants vitamin C, vitamin E and beta-carotene did not appear to slow the early stages of the disease, when the yellowish deposits develop, but that is a normal part of aging and is not necessarily of concern. Almost everyone over age 70 has at least one or two of them.

As the disease progresses, the center of the field of view begins to blur, making it difficult to read, drive and recognize faces. Victims must rely on their peripheral vision, looking out of the corners of their eyes and missing much of the color and detail.

Glaucoma and cataracts strike more people than macular degeneration, but effective treatments exist for those diseases. This is the one disease for which there was nothing prior to this. At best, laser surgery can slow down the growth of abnormal blood vessels in the most severe cases of macular degeneration.

Earlier studies had indicated that people who eat large amounts of fruits and vegetables, which contain vitamins and beta-carotene, are at lower risk of developing macular degeneration. An earlier, smaller clinical study had suggested zinc might be helpful.

Among those whose disease had progressed to the intermediate stage, the zinc supplements reduced by 11 percent the risk of the disease progressing to the advanced stage, and the antioxidants reduced the risk by 10 percent. When the two were combined, the risk dropped by 19 percent. The study followed the participants for 6.5 years on average.

The daily dosages of the antioxidants used in the study were 500 milligrams of vitamin C, 400 IU of vitamin E and 15 milligrams of beta-carotene, a molecule that provides the color of carrots and sweet potatoes. The body converts the beta-carotene into vitamin A. The daily dosage of zinc was 80 milligrams with 2 milligrams of copper. High levels of zinc can cause a deficiency of copper in the body, which can lead to anemia.

Those amounts are well above the usual levels recommended by the Food and Drug Administration: three times as much vitamin A, eight times as much vitamin C, 13 times as much vitamin E and five times as much zinc.